l at a depth of a
few inches. They are best dug out using a fork, taking care not to
pierce the root, as this
will cause loss of oil
during drying. The dugup
roots should be
rinsed free of dirt, and
the tops cut off there in
the field. (See Figure
5.) The roots should
then be taken home and
allowed to dry at room
temperature for a week
or two. Take care that
they do not get moldy!
Once dried, oil can be
distilled from them. This is
done by first grinding up the
roots in a blender or with a
Salad Shooter, and piling the
ground-up roots into a large
pressure cooker. A good-sized
cooker will take a load
Of 10-15 pounds Of
Calamus plant root and fibrous rootlets.
root. Next, add a few
gallons of water, a couple handfuls of salt, and mix.
The oil can now be distilled. Attach a five-foot length of copper
tubing to the steam exit on the lid of the pressure cooker. Its diameter
should match that of the steam exit so that steam is not lost here, and
should be tightened into place with a pipe clamp. The tubing should
then be led downward into a pail of ice water, and back up into a
Practical LSD Manufacture
dark-glass 40 or 64 ounce beer bottle. The ice water cools the steam,
turning it into water which collects in the bottles.
Heat is applied to the
pressure cooker, bringing it to
a boil. Heat as fast as is
possible without bringing over
foam or having uncondensed
steam escape. When a couple
of gallons have been distilled
out, stop the heating and add a
couple more gallons of water
to the pressure cooker.
Continue this process until 4-5
gallons of water have
This process is a steam
distillation, and is the way
most plant oils are obtained.
The steam distillate in the beer
bottles contains calamus oil
floating on top of the water and clinging to the glass. Calamus oil
produced from American plants is reddish brown, and has a strange,
pleasant and sweet odor. For more detailed information on calamus oil
see The Chemergic Digest August 30, 1943, pages 138-40, and
Soap, Perfumery and Cosmetics August 1939, pages 685-88.
The oil is obtained by first saturating the steam distillate with salt,
then extracting the oil with toluene (obtained off the shelf in the
hardware store's paint section). About a gallon of toluene is plenty to
effect the extraction. Then the toluene is removed by vacuum
evaporation in a large filtering flask to yield the calamus oil as a
Calamus root and fibrous rootlets
with tops trimmed off.
12 Studies On The Production QfTMA-2
residue in the filtering flask after the toluene has been evaporated. The
yield is about 200 ml from 15 pounds of roots.
Calamus oil obtained from sources other than India differs from
the Indian oil in two important respects. The amount of asarone in the
oil is much lower than the 80% found in the Indian oil, and the
position of the double bond is propenyl rather than allyl:
The asarone int a bunch of
thallium around the house about like you want to be kicked in the
teeth with a heavy pair of boots.
A further bad aspect of this method is its high cost. 100 grams sell
for $150, and the high molecular weight of the compound means that a
lot of it has to be used to get a moderate amount of product. One
pound of thallium(ni) nitrate is required for a 1-molar batch.
This method can be found in Tetrahedron Letters No. 60, pages
5275-80 (1970). To produce a one mole batch, dissolve one mole of
propenylbenzene in some methanol, and put it into a one-gallon glass
jug. In a beaker, dissolve one mole (448 grams) of thallium(HI) nitrate
trihydrate in methanol. Then pour the thallium solution into the jug
with the propenylbenzene, and stir at room temperature for 5 minutes.
The thallium(I) nitrate formed by the reaction comes out of solution. It is
removed by filtration.
The propenylbenzene has at this point been converted to a ketal.
This is hydrolyzed to the phenylacetone by shaking the filtrate with
about 2000 ml of 1 molar sulfuric acid solution in water for about 5
minutes. The phenylacetone is then extracted out with a couple of
portions of tolulene. This extract is then washed with 5% NaOH
solution, then distilled or purified by conversion to the bisulfite
12 Studies On The Production OfTMA-2
Production of TMA-2, MDA, etc. from the
There are three good methods for converting the phenylacetone to
the psychedelic amphetamine. Choice number one is to use reductive
amination with a hydrogenation bomb with Raney nickel, ammonia
and alcohol solvent. See Journal of the American Chemical Society,
Volume 70, pages 12811-12 (1948). Also see Chem. Abstracts from
1954, column 2097. This gives a yield of about 80% if plenty of
Raney nickel is used. The preferred conditions for use with MDA is a
temperature of 80 C, and a hydrogen pressure of 50 atmospheres.
The drawback to this method is the need for a shaker device for
the bomb, and also a heater. The use of platinum as the catalyst in the
bomb works great when making MDMA, but gives lousy results when
making MDA. There may be a way around this, however, for serious
experimenters. It has been found in experiments with phenylacetone
that a mixture of ammonia and ammonium chloride produces good
yields of amphetamine (50%) when used in a bomb with platinum
catalyst. Methylenedioxyphenylacetone is quite likely to behave
similarly, along with other phenylacetones.
To use this variation, the following materials are placed in the 1.5
liter champagne bottle hydrogenation device described in Chapter 11 of
Secrets of Methamphetamine Manufacture, Third Edition: .5 gram
platinum in 20 ml distilled water. If this platinum is in the form of
PtO2 instead of reduced platinum metal catalyst obtained with
borohydride, the experimenter must now reduce the platinum by
pressurizing the bottle with hydrogen and stirring fo
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Yohimbe is a tree that grows throughout the African nations of Cameroon, Gabon and Zaire. (A similar plant in South America is called Quebracho). For centuries, natives from these areas have ingested both the crude bark and purified compound as a tonic to enhance sexual prowess and as an aphrodisiac. The bark has been smoked as a hallucinogen and has been used in traditional medicine to treat angina and hypertension. The herb is a sensual stimulant for healthy men and women. Today, doctors prescribe an extract from the tree to treat organic impotence.
Yohimbe's energizing effects stem from it's ability to increase blood flow to the genitals, both male and female. It is thought to stimulate the pelvic nerve ganglia and thus is helpful for men with erection problems. In fact a prescription drug, yohimbine hydrochloride, is the only FDA approved drug for impotence. Effects can include increased libido, increased sensation and increased stamina. Women have also reported similar effects and general pleasant sensations.
Yohimbe bark contains about 6% yohimbine. This constituent is an indole alkaloid that is classified as an alpha-2-adrenergic blocking agent. The herb has a general nervous system stimulatory effect and can cause changes in blood pressure by dilating blood vessels. It can increase the heart rate, raise body temperature and increase blood pressure. At higher dosages, it has a mild psychotropic effect.
Yohimbe bark stimulates chemical reactions in the body that may aid in psychogenic cases of impotence, due to fatigue, tension and stress. Clinical studies have shown the herb to be effective in restoring potency in diabetic and heart patients who suffer from impotency. As an alpha-adrenoreceptor blocker, yohimbe reduces the effect of hormones that cause constriction of blood vessels, which typically increases as we age. It increases the body's production of norepinephrine which is essential in the formation of erections. Yohimbe may also boost the adrenaline supply to nerve endings, which can quicken male sensual stimulation. It has been used in combination with ginseng and saw palmetto as a remedy for men with low sex drive.
Yohimbe is also a short term MAO (monoamine oxidase) inhibitor and should be used with caution, especially if you have high blood pressure. Being an MAO inhibitor, yohimbe should not be taken with any food or drink containing tyramines (cheese, chocolate, beer, aged meats, nuts, etc.) and particularly not with the amino acids tyrosine or phenylalanine. A rise in blood pressure can result from the body not being able to remove the tyramines from these foods. It may be dangerous if used with anti-depressants, sedatives, antihistamines, caffeine, or amphetamines. Yohimbe may have other side effects such as racing heart rate, irritability, headache, nausea, sweating, dizziness and frequent urination. Anyone with a heart condition, kidney disease, glaucoma or history of gastric or duodenal ulcers should avoid Seexx m00d" and "M@ke ur g1rl_f1end WANT U!!"
Although I am happily married, I felt the world needed to know whether these aphrodisiacs really work While the 5-HT precursors tryptophan and 1-5-HTP cause an increase in serum prolactin concentration, a combination of 1-5-HTP with a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor was found to reduce the serum prolactin concentration. This combination seemed to behave like a DA agonist. This effect is not produced by the decarboxylase inhibitor per se. A possible explanation is that 5-HTP is converted to 5-HT in CA-ergic neurons, that 5-HT supersedes the CA from the stores, and that some of the CA reach the synaptic cleft and stimulate CA receptors. Another possible explanation is that 5-HTP decarboxylase is centrally inhibited as well, and that an effect of 5-HTP itself is involved here. In view of the observations made it is doubtful whether the therapeutic effect of 5-HTP combined with a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor in depressions and myoclonus can in fact be atributed to activation of central serotonergic systems.