that ultra sonic humidifiers cost around $40. A little more for a
super nice one, a little less for a budget version. Just about any ultra
sonic humidifier will work.
A steam humidifier is not easy to integrate into this terrarium setup.
First, the vapor it emits is too hot and will kill the fungus. The second
reason is they typically run full blast. They do not have a control to
throttle them way back like the ultra sonic humidifiers do.
l Ultra Sonic Humidifier Where to find
l 8 feet of 7/16 inch outer diameter, 5/16 inch inner diameter
l 1 dozen 3/8 inch inner diameter grommets
(20 of 29) 5/1/2002 6:54:17 PM
How To Grow Magic Mushrooms The Magic Mushroom Growers Guide (page 2)
l 4 clear 2 liter coke bottles
l 3/8 inch, fine thread bolt
l tube of silicon glue
First, a small hole needs to be placed in the Basic Growing Chamber to
let water and CO2 escape. It should be at the very bottom of the cooler.
It needs to be big enough that water will not bead up and plug it. 1/2 to
3/4 of an inch is good.
This setup uses the ultra sonic humidifier to produce air that is close to
100% in humidity. The air flow out of the humidifier is limited by the
fact that it has to travel through the 7/16 inch vinyl tubing. That is OK,
because we want to limit the amount of air we feed into the terrarium.
The humidifier will generate very humid air, but the air will also have
many suspended water particles in it. Any time one of these water
particles touches another water drop, they will merge. We don't want
moisture forming on the rice cakes, so limiting the number of
suspended water drops we allow into the terrarium is a big step
towards this goal.
Even so, the air must be dried further. Adaptation-21 The air is passed
through several stages where it is allowed to swirl and condense. Each
one of these stages is comprised of an empty 2 liter coke bottle or
some other suitable container. These stages are connected together
using the 7/16 inch vinyl tubing.
Every time a piece of vinyl tubing is used, it needs to be fluted. This
means it is not cut off square, but rather at a very sharp angle. This is
necessary to help moisture that condenses inside the line to drip out
once it reaches the end of the line. Otherwise, it will form a big drop
and eventually plug up the line. At that point you have no humidity
entering the terrarium.
Drill a 7/16 inch hole in the center of the exhaust lid for the humidifier.
Insert a grommet. Apply a bead of silicon glue to the slit through
which vapor normally exits. You want to plug this slit up. The only
exit for vapor should be through a piece of vinyl tubing that will be
placed inside this grommet.
Remove the labels on the coke bottles. Any large plastic container can
be used but the 2 liter coke bottles are real nice because they allow you
(21 of 29) 5/1/2002 6:54:17 PM
How To Grow Magic Mushrooms The Magic Mushroom Growers Guide (page 2) Active components are alkaloids
to organic fertilizers so as not to mess up
the plant's hormonal balance during flowering and seed production.
There have been recent reports of a wholly new source of lysergic
acid amides. The so called Sleepy Grass (Stipa robusta) of the desert
areas of the American West is reported to have an alkaloid content
approaching that of ergot, and should be a good source of raw
material to feed into acid production. See Discover magazine, Dec.
Additional Reading On Growing Ergot:
Gulf Res. Rep. 3(1), pages 105-109 (1970), "Observations on
Claviceps purpurea on Spartina alterflora." Canadian Journal of
Botany Vol. 35, pages 315-320 (1957), "Studies
on Ergot in Gramineous Hosts." Pharmacognosy (1965), pages 321-
327. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales Vol. 52, pages 571-
(1941), "Artificial Production of Ergot." Pythopathology Volume
35, pages 353-360 (1945), "The Field
Inoculation of Rye With Claviceps purpurea." American Journal of
Botany Volume 18, pages 50-78 (1931), "The
Reactions of Claviceps purpurea to Variations in Environment."
Extraction And Isolation Of
The Lysergic Acid Amides
Extraction And Isolation Of
Lysergic Acid Amides
After the harvest of the crops, the farming phase of acid
production is now over. This is a good news/bad news situation for
the acid chemist. The good news is that the voluminous pile of crop
will in short order be reduced in size to a quantity more conveniently
handled in the lab. For example, ergot typically contains from V* to
¥2% alkaloids by weight. A 200 pound harvest of ergot will, after
extraction, yield Vi to a full pound of lysergic acid amides. This
quantity is worth several millions of dollars if moved wholesale at a
dollar per dose. The yield from a similar amount of morning glory
seeds will be reduced by a factor of about 5, but still be substantial.
Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds are intermediate between the two.
The bad news takes several forms. A significant amount of
solvents will be needed to perform the extraction from the crop. It is at
this juncture that the acid chemist will need to employ industrial
contacts, theft, or the formation of a front operation to get the several
55-gallon drums of solvents needed to execute the extraction. The
aroma that solvents give off also precludes doing this procedure in a
residential neighborhood. A shed back on the farm site or a business
front setting is much more suitable.
It is also at this phase that the delicate natures of the lysergic
molecules express themselves. While they are locked up in ergot or in
seeds, these molecules are pretty stable, so long as the crop is kept
Practical LSD Manufacture
cool, dry, and free from mold. Once they are released, they are prey to
light, heat, air, and bad chemical handling. A clock begins to tick on
the shelf life of your product. Once the extraction is begun, the
chemist must consider himself committed to the task, and not allow
himself to These are not herbal highs, but “semi-synthetic legal highs, developed as a drug harm minimisation solution”; to quote Spiritual Highs – the company responsible for the manufacture of p l at a depth of a
few inches. They are best dug out using a fork, taking care not to
pierce the root, as this
will cause loss of oil
during drying. The dugup
roots should be
rinsed free of dirt, and
the tops cut off there in
the field. (See Figure
5.) The roots should
then be taken home and
allowed to dry at room
temperature for a week
or two. Take care that
they do not get moldy!
Once dried, oil can be
distilled from them. This is
done by first grinding up the
roots in a blender or with a
Salad Shooter, and piling the
ground-up roots into a large
pressure cooker. A good-sized
cooker will take a load
Of 10-15 pounds Of
Calamus plant root and fibrous rootlets.
root. Next, add a few
gallons of water, a couple handfuls of salt, and mix.
The oil can now be distilled. Attach a five-foot length of copper
tubing to the steam exit on the lid of the pressure cooker. Its diameter
should match that of the steam exit so that steam is not lost here, and
should be tightened into place with a pipe clamp. The tubing should
then be led downward into a pail of ice water, and back up into a
Practical LSD Manufacture
dark-glass 40 or 64 ounce beer bottle. The ice water cools the steam,
turning it into water which collects in the bottles.
Heat is applied to the
pressure cooker, bringing it to
a boil. Heat as fast as is
possible without bringing over
foam or having uncondensed
steam escape. When a couple
of gallons have been distilled
out, stop the heating and add a
couple more gallons of water
to the pressure cooker.
Continue this process until 4-5
gallons of water have
This process is a steam
distillation, and is the way
most plant oils are obtained.
The steam distillate in the beer
bottles contains calamus oil
floating on top of the water and clinging to the glass. Calamus oil
produced from American plants is reddish brown, and has a strange,
pleasant and sweet odor. For more detailed information on calamus oil
see The Chemergic Digest August 30, 1943, pages 138-40, and
Soap, Perfumery and Cosmetics August 1939, pages 685-88.
The oil is obtained by first saturating the steam distillate with salt,
then extracting the oil with toluene (obtained off the shelf in the
hardware store's paint section). About a gallon of toluene is plenty to
effect the extraction. Then the toluene is removed by vacuum
evaporation in a large filtering flask to yield the calamus oil as a
Calamus root and fibrous rootlets
with tops trimmed off.
12 Studies On The Production QfTMA-2
residue in the filtering flask after the toluene has been evaporated. The
yield is about 200 ml from 15 pounds of roots.
Calamus oil obtained from sources other than India differs from
the Indian oil in two important respects. The amount of asarone in the
oil is much lower than the 80% found in the Indian oil, and the
position of the double bond is propenyl rather than allyl:
The asarone i